Fish of your dreams!
Seas and oceans cover more than half the area of the planet, but they are still shrouded in mystery for mankind. We strive to conquer space and are looking for extraterrestrial civilizations, but at the same time people studied only 5% of the world’s oceans. But these data are sufficient to be horrified, what creatures live in deep water, there where no sunlight penetrates.
1. viperfish ordinary (Chauliodus sloani)
Family hauliodovyh has 6 types of deep-sea fish, but the most common of them – it viperfish ordinary. These fish are found in almost all the waters of the world’s oceans, except in the cold waters of the northern seas and the Arctic Ocean.
The name viperfish received from the Greek words «chaulios» – open mouth, and «odous» – tooth. Indeed, these relatively small fish (about 30 cm. Long) teeth can grow up to 5 cm, because of which their mouths are never locked, creating eerie grin. Sometimes these fish called sea vipers.
Viperfish dwell at from 100 to 4000 meters depth. At night, they prefer to climb closer to the surface of the water, and in the afternoon descend into the abyss of the ocean. Thus, during the day the fish perform massive migration of several kilometers. With special photophores located on viperfish body, they can communicate with each other dark.
On the dorsal fin, viper fish is one large photophores, which it lures its prey straight to the mouth. After that sharp bite of sharp, needle-teeth, viperfish paralyze prey, leaving her no chance to survive. The food diet mainly includes small fish and crustaceans. According to unreliable data, some individuals viperfish can live up to 30 years or more.
2. anoplogaster cornuta (Anoplogaster cornuta)
Anoplogaster cornuta – another awesome deep sea predatory fish living in all four oceans. Although the saber and looks like a monster, it grows to a very modest size (about 15 centimeters per dyne). Fish head with a big mouth takes up almost half the body length.
Anoplogaster cornuta got its name from the long and sharp lower canines, which are the largest in relation to body length among all known fish. Terrific views saber earned him the informal name – “fish-monster.”
Color of adults can vary from dark brown to black. Young representatives look completely different. They have a light gray color and long thorns on his head.Sabretooth – one of the most deep-water fish in the world, in rare cases, they descend to a depth of 5 kilometers or more. The pressure at these depths – huge, but the water temperature is around zero. Food is too little, so that these predators prey on the first thing that gets in their way.
3. Fish-Dragon (Grammatostomias flagellibarba)
Dimensions Deepwater Dragon fish are absolutely not tally with its ferocity. These predators, which reach a length of no more than 15 centimeters, the extraction can eat in two and even three times higher than its size. Fish-dragon lives in the tropical zones of the oceans at a depth of 2000 meters. The fish has a large head and mouth equipped with many sharp teeth. Just like viperfish have dragon fish has its own bait for production, which is a long mustache with photophores at the end located on the chin of the fish. Hunting same principle as that of deep individuals. With Photophores predator luring the victim as close as possible, and then a sharp movement causes a fatal bite.
4. Deep angler (Lophius piscatorius)
Deep angler on the right is the ugliest fish of the existing. There are about 200 species of anglers, some of which can grow up to 1.5 meters and a weight of 30 kg.Because of the terrible appearance and bad temper this fish called the sea-devil. They live deep-sea anglers everywhere in between 500 and 3000 meters depth. The fish has a dark brown color, large flat head with lots of thorns. Huge feature mouth, studded with sharp teeth and a long, curved inwards.
Deep-sea anglers have a pronounced sexual dimorphism. Females are ten times larger than males and are predators. Females have a rod with a fluorescent appendage at the end of a bait fish. Most of the time anglers spend on the seabed, burying in the sand and silt. Due to the huge mouth, this fish can swallow prey whole, exceeding it in size by 2 times. That is, theoretically, a large specimen angler can eat human; Fortunately these cases have not yet been in the history.
5. Meshkorot (Saccopharyngiformes)
Perhaps the most bizarre inhabitant of the deep sea can be called meshkorota or as it is called – largemouth pelikanovidnogo. Due to its abnormally huge mouth with a bag and a tiny skull in relation to the length of the body, meshkorot rather like some kind of alien creature. Some species can reach two meters in length.
In fact saccopharyngiformes classified as ray-finned fish, but the similarity of these monsters with cute fish that live too much in the warm sea pools. Scientists believe that the appearance of these creatures has changed thousands of years ago because of deep-sea life. In meshkorotov no gill rays, fins, scales and fins, and the body has an elongated shape with a luminous tail appendage. If it was not a big mouth, then meshkorota easily could be mistaken for an eel.
Meshkoroty They live at depths of 2,000 to 5,000 meters in three of the world’s oceans except the Arctic. Since the food at such depths is very small, meshkoroty adapted to a long break in the meals that can last more than one month. They feed on these fish crustaceans and other deep-water counterparts, mostly swallowing their prey whole.
6. The giant squid (Architeuthis dux)
The elusive giant squid, known to science as Arhiteutis Dux, is the largest shellfish in the world and is expected to reach a length of 18 meters and weigh half a ton.Currently living giant squid still did not get into the hands of man. Until 2004, there were no documented cases of any meeting with a live giant squid, and a basic understanding of these mysterious beings evolved on a beached or land in the network remains the fishermen. Arhiteutisy They live at a depth of 1 km in all oceans.In addition to these gigantic beings have the greatest among living beings, eyes (up to 30 centimeters in diameter).
So in 1887 on the coast of New Zealand, was ejected in the history of the largest instance of a length of 17.4 meters. In the following century it was discovered only two major representative of the dead giant squid – 9.2 and 8.6 meters. In 2006, Japanese scientist Tsunemi Kubodera still managed to capture on camera the live female length of 7 meters in its natural habitat at a depth of 600 meters. Kalmar was lured to the surface of a small squid bait, but an attempt to deliver a living individual on board the vessel was not successful – squid died of multiple injuries.
Giant squid – it is dangerous predators, and the only natural enemy for them are adults sperm whales. There are at least two cases described scrum squid and sperm whale. In the first sperm whale won, but died shortly afterwards, choking giant tentacled mollusk. The second battle occurred off the coast of South Africa, while the giant squid fighting a sperm whale calf, and hour and a half after the battle still kill whales.
7. The giant isopod (Bathynomus giganteus)
The giant isopod, known to science as Bathynomus giganteus, is the largest crustaceans views. The average size of deep-water isopod ranges from 30 centimeters, but the largest recorded instance weighed 2 kilograms and was 75 centimeters in length. In appearance, giant isopods like woodlice, and like a giant squid are the result of deep-sea gigantism. Dwell on these cancers from 200 to 2500 meters depth, preferring to burrow into the mud.
The body of these horrible creatures covered with rigid plates, which act as the shell. In case of danger cancers can curl into a ball and become inaccessible to predators. By the way, isopods also predators and can enjoy few small deep-sea fish and sea cucumbers. Powerful jaws and strong armor make isopods dangerous opponent. Although giant crabs and like to eat live food, they often eat up the remains of sharks prey that fall from the upper layers of the ocean.
8. Coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae)
Coelacanth or coelacanth – a large deep-water fish, which opened in 1938 has become one of the most important zoological discoveries of the 20th century. Despite its unattractive appearance of this fish is a remarkable fact that for 400 million years, it does not change its appearance and structure of the body. In fact, this unique relic fish is one of the oldest living beings on the planet Earth, which existed long before the appearance of dinosaurs.
Coelacanth lives at a depth of 700 meters in the Indian Ocean. The length of the fish can reach 1.8 meters and weighs more than 100 kg, and the body has a beautiful blue color. Since the coelacanth is very slow, it prefers to hunt at great depths, where there is no competition with faster predators. These fish can swim backwards or belly-up. Despite the fact that the meat tselikanta inedible, it is often the subject of poaching among the local residents. Currently, an ancient fish are threatened with extinction.
9. The goblin shark or mittsekurina (Mitsukurina owstoni)
Deep goblin shark, or as it is called shark goblin shark is the most poorly understood to date. It inhabits this species in the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean at a depth of 1300 meters. The biggest instance had a length of 3.8 meters and weighed about 200 kilograms.
The name of the goblin shark has received thanks to its scary appearance. Mittsekurina has a movable jaw that put forward by the bite out. The first goblin shark fishermen accidentally caught in 1898, and has since been caught 40 more specimens of this fish.
10. The vampire squid (Vampyroteuthis infernalis)
Another relic of marine abyss is the only one of its kind cephalopod-detritus that has a resemblance, both squid and octopus. Its unusual name vampire squid was due to the red body and eyes, which, however, depending on the light may be blue. Despite its terrifying appearance, these strange creatures grow to just 30 centimeters, and in contrast to other cephalopods eat only plankton .
vampire squid’s body is covered with glowing photophores, which create a bright flash of light, scaring enemies. In the case of exceptional danger of these small shellfish evert its tentacles along the body, becomes like a ball with spikes. Vampire squid live at depths up to 900 meters, and may well be in the water with other animals critical for the oxygen level of 3% or less.